List of cryptocurrencies

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This is a list of cryptocurrencies. The number of cryptocurrencies available over the internet as of 31 December 2017 is over 1381 and growing.[1] A new cryptocurrency can be created at any time.[2] By market capitalization, Bitcoin is currently (2018-01-06) the largest blockchain network, followed by Ripple, Ethereum, Bitcoin Cash, Cardano, and Litecoin.[3]


First trade Status Currency Symbol Founder Hash algorithm Cryptocurrency blockchain
(PoS, PoW, or other)
7/17/2010 Active Bitcoin BTC,[4][5] XBT Satoshi Nakamoto SHA-256d[6][7] PoW[7][8] The first decentralized ledger currency. Cryptocurrency with the most famous, popular, notable and highest market capitalization.
7/13/2012 Active Litecoin LTC Charles Lee Scrypt PoW The first cryptocurrency to use Scrypt as a hashing algorithm.
2011 Active Namecoin NMC Vincent Durham[9][10] SHA-256d PoW Also acts as an alternative, decentralized DNS.
2011 Active SwiftCoin STC D[11] SHA-256 PoW First digital coin with theoretical value based on the work required to produce electricity. First block chain to support currency creation by interest paid on debt. Solidus Bond proto smart-contract. One of the first digital coins patented in the US. First block chain to support encrypted mail with attachments.
5/20/2014 Active Bytecoin BCN CryptoNote PoW First cryptocurrency based on the CryptoNote algorithm. Focused on user privacy through  impassive and anonymous transactions
2012 Active Peercoin PPC Sunny King
SHA-256d[13] PoW & PoS The first cryptocurrency to use POW and POS functions.
12/18/2013 Active Dogecoin DOGE, XDG Jackson Palmer
& Billy Markus[14]
Scrypt[15] PoW Based on an internet meme.
12/28/2014 Active Emercoin EMC EvgenijM86 & Yitshak Dorfman SHA-256 PoW & PoS Trusted storage for any small data: acts as an alternative, decentralized DNS, PKI store, SSL infrastructure and other.
2013[16][17] Active Gridcoin GRC Rob Hälford [18] Scrypt Decentralized PoS The first cryptocurrency linked to citizen science through the Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing[19][20]
2013 Active Omni MSC J. R. Willett [21] SHA-256d[22] N/A Omni is both digital currency and communications protocol built on top of the existing bitcoin block chain.
2013 Active Primecoin XPM Sunny King
1CC/2CC/TWN[23] POW[23] Uses the finding of prime chains composed of Cunningham chains and bi-twin chains for proof-of-work, which can lead to useful byproducts.
8/14/2014 Active Ripple[24][25][26] XRP[26] Chris Larsen &
Jed McCaleb[27]
ECDSA[28] "Consensus" Designed for peer to peer debt transfer. Not based on bitcoin.
2014 Active Auroracoin AUR Baldur Odinsson
Scrypt PoW Created as an alternative to fiat currency in Iceland.
2014 Active BlackCoin BC Rat4 (pseudonym) Scrypt PoS Secures its network through a process called minting.
2014 Active Burstcoin BURST Burstcoin Community SHA-256d Proof of Capacity First Proof of Capacity coin, First Smart Contract, First Atomic Cross Chain Transfer.
2014 Inactive Coinye KOI, COYE Scrypt PoW Used American hip hop artist Kanye West as its mascot, abandoned after trademark lawsuit.
2/20/2014 Active Dash DASH Evan Duffield &
Kyle Hagan[30]
X11 PoW & Proof of Service[nt 1] A bitcoin-based currency featuring instant transactions, decentralized governance and budgeting, and private transactions.
2014 Inactive DigitalNote XDN XDN-dev team, dNote CryptoNight[31] PoW A private cryptocurrency with an instant untraceable crypto messages and first blockchain banking implementation, use CryptoNote protocol.
8/8/2017 Active NEO NEO Da Hongfei & Erik Zhang SHA-256 & RIPEMD160 dBFT Chinese based cryptocurrency (formerly ANT Shares which produce ANT Coins) name change August 2017 to NEO and GAs, these enable the development of digital assets and smart contracts.
2014 Active MazaCoin MZC BTC Oyate Initiative SHA-256d PoW The underlying software is derived from that of another cryptocurrency, ZetaCoin.
6/4/2014 Active Monero XMR Monero Core Team CryptoNight[31] PoW Privacy-centric coin using the CryptoNote protocol with improvements for scalability and decentralization.
2014 Active NEM XEM UtopianFuture (pseudonym) SHA3-512 POI The first hybrid public/private blockchain solution built from scratch, and first to use the Proof of Importance algorithm using EigenTrust++ reputation system.
2015 Active Tether USDT Jan Ludovicus van der Velde[32] Omnicore [33] PoW Tether is backed by the USD so that one tether is exactly equal to $1USD. It is commonly used to convert other cryptocurrencies to USD. [34]
2014 Active Nxt NXT BCNext
SHA-256d[35] PoS Specifically designed as a flexible platform to build applications and financial services around its protocol.
2014 Active PotCoin POT Potcoin core dev team Scrypt PoS Developed to service the legalized cannabis industry
2014 Active Synereo AMP AMP Dor Konforty & Greg Meredith[36] PoS PoS Trying to create a world computer, Synereo’s 2.0 tech stack incorporates all faculties needed to support decentralized computation without central servers.[37]
2014 Active Titcoin TIT Edward Mansfield & Richard Allen[38] SHA-256d PoW The first cryptocurrency to be nominated for a major adult industry award.[39]
2014 Active Verge XVG Sunerok Scrypt, x17, groestl, blake2s, and lyra2rev2 PoW
2014 Active Stellar XLM Jed McCaleb Stellar Consensus Protocol (SCP) [40] Stellar Consensus Protocol (SCP) [41] Open-source, decentralized global financial network. The usage is for remittances, micropayments, services for the underbanked, mobile money/branches and professional setups.
2014 Active Vertcoin VTC Bushido Lyra2RE[42] PoW Next-gen ASIC resistance and first to implement stealth adresses.
9/30/2014 Active Ethereum ETH Vitalik Buterin[43] Ethash[44] PoW Supports Turing-complete smart contracts.
2015 Active Ethereum Classic ETC Ethash[44] PoW An alternative version of Ethereum[45] whose blockchain does not include the DAO Hard-fork.[46][47] Supports Turing-complete smart contracts.
2015 Active IOTA IOT, MIOTA[48] David Sønstebø, Sergey Ivancheglo, Dominik Schiener and Dr. Serguei Popov SHA-3 Directed acyclic graph The first cryptocurrency using the Tangle, a next generation blockchain, as distributed ledger technology.
2015 Active SixEleven SIL fflo (pseudonym)[49] SHA-256d PoW Also acts as an alternative, decentralized DNS.
2016 Active Decred DCR Blake-256 PoW/PoS Hybrid Built in governance and hybrid PoW/PoS.
2016 Active Waves Platform WAVES Sasha Ivanov PoS PoS Open blockchain platform, featuring token creation, distributed exchange and fast high volume transactions designed for ease of use[50] and mass adoption.
2016 Active Lisk LSK Max Kordek DPoS DPoS Lisk is a dapp creation platform in Javascript. Lisk uses a Delegated-Proof-of-Stake (DPoS) consensus mechanism.
2016 Active Zcash ZEC Zooko Wilcox Equihash PoW The first open, permissionless financial system employing zero-knowledge security.
2017 Active Bitcoin Cash BCH[51], BCC SHA-256d PoW Hard fork from Bitcoin, Increased Block size from 1mb to 8mb
2017 Active Ubiq UBQ Julian Yap[52] Ethash[44] PoW Supports Turing-complete smart contracts; air-gapped fork of Ethereum


  1. Via Masternodes containing 1000 DASH held as collateral for "Proof of Service". Through an automated voting mechanism, one Masternode is selected per block and receives 45% of mining rewards.

See also


  1. "All Cryptocurrencies | CoinMarketCap". Retrieved December 31, 2017. 
  2. Cryptocurrencies: A Brief Thematic Review. Economics of Networks Journal. Social Science Research Network (SSRN). Date accessed August 28, 2017.
  3. "All Currencies | CryptoCurrency Market Capitalizations". Retrieved December 31, 2017. 
  4. Dixon, Lance (December 24, 2013). "Building Bitcoin use in South Florida and beyond". Miami Herald. Retrieved January 24, 2014. 
  5. Spaven, Emily (December 3, 2013). "Bitcoin price could reach $98,500, say Wall Street analysts". CoinDesk. Retrieved January 24, 2014. 
  6. Taylor, Michael Bedford (2013). "Bitcoin and the age of bespoke silicon" (PDF). Proceedings of the 2013 International Conference on Compilers, Architectures and Synthesis for Embedded Systems. Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Press. ISBN 978-1-4799-1400-5. Retrieved January 14, 2014. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 Steadman, Ian (May 7, 2013). "Wary of Bitcoin? A guide to some other crypto currencies". Wired UK. Condé Nast UK. 
  8. Hobson, Dominic (2013). "What is Bitcoin?". XRDS: Crossroads, The ACM Magazine for Students. 20 (1). Association for Computing Machinery. pp. 40–44. doi:10.1145/2510124. ISSN 1528-4972. 
  9. "vinced/namecoin: Vince's tree – see namecoin/namecoin for main integration tree". GitHub. Retrieved July 24, 2017. 
  10. Keller, Levin (March 19, 2011). "Namecoin – a distributed name system based on Bitcoin". Prezi. 
  11. "Swiftcoin: We Are Talking to Chinese VCs about Our Bitcoin Bonds". Coin News Asia. June 15, 2015. Retrieved March 23, 2017. 
  12. 12.0 12.1 Boase, Richard (November 20, 2013). "Litecoin spikes to $200m market capitalization in five hours". CoinDesk. Retrieved January 14, 2014. 
  13. Bradbury, Danny (November 7, 2013). "Third largest crypto currency peercoin moves into spotlight with Vault of Satoshi deal". CoinDesk. Retrieved January 14, 2014. 
  14. A History of Dogecoin. Dogecoin Analysis Report. Social Science Research Network (SSRN). Accessed December 28, 2017.
  15. "Intro – Dogecoin # Technical specifications". Retrieved December 14, 2013. 
  16. Halford, Rob (October 6, 2013). "GRIDCOIN – GRC (The environmentally conscious coin)". Retrieved November 14, 2014. 
  17. Wagner, Andrew. "Putting the Blockchain to Work For Science!". Bitcoin Magazine. Retrieved April 9, 2016. 
  18. "New Coin Launch Announcement - GRC - GridCoin - GRIDCOIN GRC -". Retrieved July 24, 2017. 
  19. Halford, Rob. "Gridcoin: Crypto-Currency using Berkeley Open Infrastructure Network Computing Grid as a Proof Of Work" (PDF). Retrieved April 11, 2016. 
  20. "GridCoin: Using the Blockchain for Good". CoinTelegraph. Retrieved April 9, 2016. 
  21. Buterin, Vitalik (November 4, 2013). "Mastercoin: A Second-Generation Protocol on the Bitcoin Blockchain". Bitcoin Magazine. Retrieved January 9, 2014. 
  22. "Mastercoin Spec". Retrieved April 2, 2014. 
  23. 23.0 23.1 "FAQ · primecoin/primecoin Wiki · GitHub". Retrieved January 20, 2014. 
  24. Chayka, Kyle (July 2, 2013). "What Comes After Bitcoin?". Pacific Standard. Retrieved January 18, 2014. 
  25. Vega, Danny (December 4, 2013). "Ripple's Big Move: Mining Crypto currency with a Purpose". Hearst Seattle Media, LLC, a division of The Hearst Corporation. 
  26. 26.0 26.1 Brown, Ariella (May 17, 2013). "10 things you need to know about Ripple". CoinDesk. Retrieved January 15, 2014. 
  27. Simonite, Tom (April 11, 2013). "Big-name investors back effort to build a better Bitcoin". MIT Technology Review. Retrieved January 14, 2014. 
  28. "How it works – Ripple Wiki". Retrieved January 20, 2014. 
  29. Casey, Michael J. (March 5, 2014). "Auroracoin already third-biggest cryptocoin–and it's not even out yet". The Wall Street Journal. 
  30. Scharr, Jill (May 28, 2014). "What is Dash? An FAQ". Tom's Guide. 
  31. 31.0 31.1 "CryptoNight – Bitcoin Wiki". June 19, 2014. Retrieved July 24, 2017. 
  32. "Mystery Shrouds Tether". Bloomberg. Retrieved December 27, 2017. 
  33. ""Tether White Paper"" (PDF). Tether. Retrieved December 27, 2017. 
  34. ""What is Tether"". tether. Retrieved December 27, 2017. 
  35. "NXT Whitepaper". NxtWiki – Whitepaper. Archived from the original on February 3, 2015. Retrieved December 21, 2014. 
  36. Meredith, Greg. "A Brief History of Synereo". Synereo Blog. Retrieved October 13, 2016.
  37. "Synereo and NFX Guild Launch Strategic Partnership to Build a Decentralized Internet". Bitcoin Magazine. Retrieved November 13, 2016.
  38. Mercier Voyer, Stephanie. "Titcoin Is a Brand New Cryptocurrency for Porn Purchases". Vice Magazine. Retrieved June 18, 2014.
  39. "Titcoin Receives Two Web & Tech XBIZ Nominations". Payout Magazine. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
  40. " White Papers" (PDF). 
  41. " White Papers" (PDF). 
  42. "Lyra2RE – A new PoW algorithm for an ASIC-free future" (PDF). November 29, 2014. 
  43. "Out in the Open: Teenage Hacker Transforms Web Into One Giant Bitcoin Network". Retrieved July 24, 2017. 
  44. 44.0 44.1 44.2 "Ethash". Retrieved July 24, 2017. 
  45. "README/ at master". Retrieved July 24, 2017. 
  46. Adinolfi, Joseph. "Exclusive: Grayscale launches digital-currency fund backed by Silver Lake's co-founder Hutchins". MarketWatch. Retrieved April 27, 2017. 
  47. Wirdum, Aaron van. "Rejecting Today's Hard Fork, the Ethereum Classic Project Continues on the Original Chain: Here's Why". Bitcoin Magazine. Retrieved April 27, 2017. 
  48. "IOTA (MIOTA) price, charts, market cap, and other metrics". Retrieved July 24, 2017. 
  49. "fflo/sixeleven: SixEleven tree – official website:". GitHub. Retrieved July 24, 2017. 
  50. "The Birth Of A Blockchain: From Ripples To Making 'Crypto' Waves". Forbes. Retrieved October 20, 2017.
  51. "Bitcoin Cash Markets and Dillema". CryptoCoinCharts. Retrieved September 14, 2017. 
  52. "jyap808 (Julian Y)". Github. Retrieved June 17, 2017.