List of cryptocurrencies
This is a list of cryptocurrencies. The number of cryptocurrencies available over the internet as of 31 December 2017[update] is over 1381 and growing. A new cryptocurrency can be created at any time. By market capitalization, Bitcoin is currently (2018-01-06) the largest blockchain network, followed by Ripple, Ethereum, Bitcoin Cash, Cardano, and Litecoin.
|First trade||Status||Currency||Symbol||Founder||Hash algorithm|| Cryptocurrency blockchain
(PoS, PoW, or other)
|7/17/2010||Active||Bitcoin||BTC, XBT||Satoshi Nakamoto||SHA-256d||PoW||The first decentralized ledger currency. Cryptocurrency with the most famous, popular, notable and highest market capitalization.|
|7/13/2012||Active||Litecoin||LTC||Charles Lee||Scrypt||PoW||The first cryptocurrency to use Scrypt as a hashing algorithm.|
|2011||Active||Namecoin||NMC||Vincent Durham||SHA-256d||PoW||Also acts as an alternative, decentralized DNS.|
|2011||Active||SwiftCoin||STC||D||SHA-256||PoW||First digital coin with theoretical value based on the work required to produce electricity. First block chain to support currency creation by interest paid on debt. Solidus Bond proto smart-contract. One of the first digital coins patented in the US. First block chain to support encrypted mail with attachments.|
|5/20/2014||Active||Bytecoin||BCN||CryptoNote||PoW||First cryptocurrency based on the CryptoNote algorithm. Focused on user privacy through impassive and anonymous transactions|
|2012||Active||Peercoin||PPC|| Sunny King
|SHA-256d||PoW & PoS||The first cryptocurrency to use POW and POS functions.|
|12/18/2013||Active||Dogecoin||DOGE, XDG|| Jackson Palmer
& Billy Markus
|Scrypt||PoW||Based on an internet meme.|
|12/28/2014||Active||Emercoin||EMC||EvgenijM86 & Yitshak Dorfman||SHA-256||PoW & PoS||Trusted storage for any small data: acts as an alternative, decentralized DNS, PKI store, SSL infrastructure and other.|
|2013||Active||Gridcoin||GRC||Rob Hälford ||Scrypt||Decentralized PoS||The first cryptocurrency linked to citizen science through the Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing|
|2013||Active||Omni||MSC||J. R. Willett ||SHA-256d||N/A||Omni is both digital currency and communications protocol built on top of the existing bitcoin block chain.|
|2013||Active||Primecoin||XPM|| Sunny King
|1CC/2CC/TWN||POW||Uses the finding of prime chains composed of Cunningham chains and bi-twin chains for proof-of-work, which can lead to useful byproducts.|
|8/14/2014||Active||Ripple||XRP|| Chris Larsen &
|ECDSA||"Consensus"||Designed for peer to peer debt transfer. Not based on bitcoin.|
|2014||Active||Auroracoin||AUR|| Baldur Odinsson
|Scrypt||PoW||Created as an alternative to fiat currency in Iceland.|
|2014||Active||BlackCoin||BC||Rat4 (pseudonym)||Scrypt||PoS||Secures its network through a process called minting.|
|2014||Active||Burstcoin||BURST||Burstcoin Community||SHA-256d||Proof of Capacity||First Proof of Capacity coin, First Smart Contract, First Atomic Cross Chain Transfer.|
|2014||Inactive||Coinye||KOI, COYE||Scrypt||PoW||Used American hip hop artist Kanye West as its mascot, abandoned after trademark lawsuit.|
|2/20/2014||Active||Dash||DASH|| Evan Duffield &
|X11||PoW & Proof of Service[nt 1]||A bitcoin-based currency featuring instant transactions, decentralized governance and budgeting, and private transactions.|
|2014||Inactive||DigitalNote||XDN||XDN-dev team, dNote||CryptoNight||PoW||A private cryptocurrency with an instant untraceable crypto messages and first blockchain banking implementation, use CryptoNote protocol.|
|8/8/2017||Active||NEO||NEO||Da Hongfei & Erik Zhang||SHA-256 & RIPEMD160||dBFT||Chinese based cryptocurrency (formerly ANT Shares which produce ANT Coins) name change August 2017 to NEO and GAs, these enable the development of digital assets and smart contracts.|
|2014||Active||MazaCoin||MZC||BTC Oyate Initiative||SHA-256d||PoW||The underlying software is derived from that of another cryptocurrency, ZetaCoin.|
|6/4/2014||Active||Monero||XMR||Monero Core Team||CryptoNight||PoW||Privacy-centric coin using the CryptoNote protocol with improvements for scalability and decentralization.|
|2014||Active||NEM||XEM||UtopianFuture (pseudonym)||SHA3-512||POI||The first hybrid public/private blockchain solution built from scratch, and first to use the Proof of Importance algorithm using EigenTrust++ reputation system.|
|2015||Active||Tether||USDT||Jan Ludovicus van der Velde||Omnicore ||PoW||Tether is backed by the USD so that one tether is exactly equal to $1USD. It is commonly used to convert other cryptocurrencies to USD. |
|SHA-256d||PoS||Specifically designed as a flexible platform to build applications and financial services around its protocol.|
|2014||Active||PotCoin||POT||Potcoin core dev team||Scrypt||PoS||Developed to service the legalized cannabis industry|
|2014||Active||Synereo AMP||AMP||Dor Konforty & Greg Meredith||PoS||PoS||Trying to create a world computer, Synereo’s 2.0 tech stack incorporates all faculties needed to support decentralized computation without central servers.|
|2014||Active||Titcoin||TIT||Edward Mansfield & Richard Allen||SHA-256d||PoW||The first cryptocurrency to be nominated for a major adult industry award.|
|2014||Active||Verge||XVG||Sunerok||Scrypt, x17, groestl, blake2s, and lyra2rev2||PoW|
|2014||Active||Stellar||XLM||Jed McCaleb||Stellar Consensus Protocol (SCP) ||Stellar Consensus Protocol (SCP) ||Open-source, decentralized global financial network. The usage is for remittances, micropayments, services for the underbanked, mobile money/branches and professional setups.|
|2014||Active||Vertcoin||VTC||Bushido||Lyra2RE||PoW||Next-gen ASIC resistance and first to implement stealth adresses.|
|9/30/2014||Active||Ethereum||ETH||Vitalik Buterin||Ethash||PoW||Supports Turing-complete smart contracts.|
|2015||Active||Ethereum Classic||ETC||Ethash||PoW||An alternative version of Ethereum whose blockchain does not include the DAO Hard-fork. Supports Turing-complete smart contracts.|
|2015||Active||IOTA||IOT, MIOTA||David Sønstebø, Sergey Ivancheglo, Dominik Schiener and Dr. Serguei Popov||SHA-3||Directed acyclic graph||The first cryptocurrency using the Tangle, a next generation blockchain, as distributed ledger technology.|
|2015||Active||SixEleven||SIL||fflo (pseudonym)||SHA-256d||PoW||Also acts as an alternative, decentralized DNS.|
|2016||Active||Decred||DCR||Blake-256||PoW/PoS Hybrid||Built in governance and hybrid PoW/PoS.|
|2016||Active||Waves Platform||WAVES||Sasha Ivanov||PoS||PoS||Open blockchain platform, featuring token creation, distributed exchange and fast high volume transactions designed for ease of use and mass adoption.|
|2016||Active||Zcash||ZEC||Zooko Wilcox||Equihash||PoW||The first open, permissionless financial system employing zero-knowledge security.|
|2017||Active||Bitcoin Cash||BCH, BCC||SHA-256d||PoW||Hard fork from Bitcoin, Increased Block size from 1mb to 8mb|
|2017||Active||Ubiq||UBQ||Julian Yap||Ethash||PoW||Supports Turing-complete smart contracts; air-gapped fork of Ethereum|
- Via Masternodes containing 1000 DASH held as collateral for "Proof of Service". Through an automated voting mechanism, one Masternode is selected per block and receives 45% of mining rewards.
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- "vinced/namecoin: Vince's tree – see namecoin/namecoin for main integration tree". GitHub. Retrieved July 24, 2017.
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- "Swiftcoin: We Are Talking to Chinese VCs about Our Bitcoin Bonds". Coin News Asia. June 15, 2015. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- Boase, Richard (November 20, 2013). "Litecoin spikes to $200m market capitalization in five hours". CoinDesk. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
- Bradbury, Danny (November 7, 2013). "Third largest crypto currency peercoin moves into spotlight with Vault of Satoshi deal". CoinDesk. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
- A History of Dogecoin. Dogecoin Analysis Report. Social Science Research Network (SSRN). Accessed December 28, 2017.
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- Halford, Rob (October 6, 2013). "GRIDCOIN – GRC (The environmentally conscious coin)". cryptocointalk.com. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
- Wagner, Andrew. "Putting the Blockchain to Work For Science!". Bitcoin Magazine. Retrieved April 9, 2016.
- "New Coin Launch Announcement - GRC - GridCoin - GRIDCOIN GRC - Cryptocurrencytalk.com". Cryptocointalk.com. Retrieved July 24, 2017.
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- "GridCoin: Using the Blockchain for Good". CoinTelegraph. Retrieved April 9, 2016.
- Buterin, Vitalik (November 4, 2013). "Mastercoin: A Second-Generation Protocol on the Bitcoin Blockchain". Bitcoin Magazine. Retrieved January 9, 2014.
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- Simonite, Tom (April 11, 2013). "Big-name investors back effort to build a better Bitcoin". MIT Technology Review. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
- "How it works – Ripple Wiki". Retrieved January 20, 2014.
- Casey, Michael J. (March 5, 2014). "Auroracoin already third-biggest cryptocoin–and it's not even out yet". The Wall Street Journal.
- Scharr, Jill (May 28, 2014). "What is Dash? An FAQ". Tom's Guide.
- "CryptoNight – Bitcoin Wiki". En.bitcoin.it. June 19, 2014. Retrieved July 24, 2017.
- "Mystery Shrouds Tether". Bloomberg. Retrieved December 27, 2017.
- ""Tether White Paper"" (PDF). Tether. Retrieved December 27, 2017.
- ""What is Tether"". tether. Retrieved December 27, 2017.
- "NXT Whitepaper". NxtWiki – Whitepaper. Archived from the original on February 3, 2015. Retrieved December 21, 2014.
- Meredith, Greg. "A Brief History of Synereo". Synereo Blog. Retrieved October 13, 2016.
- "Synereo and NFX Guild Launch Strategic Partnership to Build a Decentralized Internet". Bitcoin Magazine. Retrieved November 13, 2016.
- Mercier Voyer, Stephanie. "Titcoin Is a Brand New Cryptocurrency for Porn Purchases". Vice Magazine. Retrieved June 18, 2014.
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- "Out in the Open: Teenage Hacker Transforms Web Into One Giant Bitcoin Network". Wired.com. Retrieved July 24, 2017.
- "Ethash". Github.com. Retrieved July 24, 2017.
- "README/README.md at master". Github.com. Retrieved July 24, 2017.
- Adinolfi, Joseph. "Exclusive: Grayscale launches digital-currency fund backed by Silver Lake's co-founder Hutchins". MarketWatch. Retrieved April 27, 2017.
- Wirdum, Aaron van. "Rejecting Today's Hard Fork, the Ethereum Classic Project Continues on the Original Chain: Here's Why". Bitcoin Magazine. Retrieved April 27, 2017.
- "IOTA (MIOTA) price, charts, market cap, and other metrics". CoinMarketCap.com. Retrieved July 24, 2017.
- "fflo/sixeleven: SixEleven tree – official website:". GitHub. Retrieved July 24, 2017.
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- "jyap808 (Julian Y)". Github. Retrieved June 17, 2017.